Health Benefits And Nutrition Fact Of Pepper

Pepper (Piper nigrum L) save a lot of health benefits. Pepper is known as herbs and spice, pepper also has many benefits as a drug. Not many people know that black pepper has more healthy properties. Pepper is very useful when used in a variety of recipes and as a spice.


Pepper is very important in components of world cuisine and is widely known as an important trade commodity in the Old World. In the past they were very expensive so be one of the triggers of European exploration to East Asia to master the trade, and thus began the history of the colonization of Africa, Asia, and America.

There are two types of pepper that popular, black pepper and white pepper. White pepper is pepper plucked when ripe. Then peel the skin by soaking in water for two weeks, then dried in the sun for three days. While black pepper is a pepper that are picked when mature but still green skin, and no soaked, dried immediately.

Nutritional Facts of Pepper:

Pepper has high content of Vitamins especially Vitamin K, besides Vitamin A and C. Similarly the dietary fiber content is high. Pepper has no cholesterol and it is very low in sugar content.

Black peppers (Piper nigrum),
Nutritional value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
255 Kcal
13%
Carbohydrates
64.81 g
49%
Protein
10.95 g
19.5%
Total Fat
3.26 g
11%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
26.5 g
69%
Vitamins


Choline
11.3 mg
2%
Folic acid
10 mcg
2.5%
Niacin
1.142 mg
7%
Pyridoxine
0.340 mg
26%
Riboflavin
0.240 mg
18%
Thiamin
0.109 mg
9%
Vitamin A
299 IU
10%
Vitamin C
21 mg
35%
Vitamin E-γ
4.56 mg
30%
Vitamin K
163.7 mcg
136%
Electrolytes


Sodium
44 mg
3%
Potassium
1259 mg
27%
Minerals


Calcium
437 mg
44%
Copper
1.127 mg
122%
Iron
28.86 mg
360%
Magnesium
194 mg
48.5%
Manganese
5.625 mg
244.5%
Phosphorus
173 mg
25%
Zinc
1.42 mg
13%
Phyto-nutrients


Carotene-β
156 mcg
--
Carotene-α
0 mcg
--
Crypto-xanthin-β
48 mcg
--
Lutein-zeaxanthin
205 mcg
--
Lycopene
6 mcg
--

Some of the benefits of pepper for our health:

Weight loss
Pepper contains a chemical known as capsaicin, which is the ingredient that makes peppers, has hot properties. Capsaicin is also good to help you lose weight. Capsaicin is commonly found in weight loss pills and some other supplements. How capsaicin can help us lose weight? The answer is very simple. Capsaicin is actually burning up calories and fat with its thermal properties. Feeling the heat we feel when eating a pepper contains many will be able to burn fat.

Arthritis
Capsaicin also acts as an anti-inflammatory which makes it works to reduce the swelling and pain in those who suffer from arthritis.

Cancer
A study by British scientists at the University of Nottingham and other studies by the American Association of Cancer Research reported that capsaicin found in peppers are actually able to kill certain cancer cells, especially prostate cancer cells.

Headache
The content of capsaicin in pepper can also serve to block neuropeptide known as substance P, which is the main transmitter of pain to the brain. So when we are eating pepper pain in the head will be able to alleviate the symptoms.

Nasal congestion
This one may seem a bit obvious. Hot pepper caused by capsaicin can clear your sinuses. It even helps to fight sinus infections with air duct cleaning. This means we really can breathe easier with the help of this pepper.

Stomach pain
Peppers could not cure heartburn, but at least they can prevent the disease. The heat from the pepper can kill bad bacteria in the stomach and intestines that is the cause of stomach ulcers.

High blood pressure
Pepper, chili in general has a lot of flavanoids, Vitamin C and Vitamin A, which is a substance that can lower a person's blood pressure.

Heart health
Too much fluid in the body can be bad for your heart. With the abundance of fluid around the heart wall will result in a strain on the heart and it is potentially harmful cardiac performance. One sign of too much fluid retention is a swollen ankle. Other symptoms, difficulty breathing, because too much water can suppress lung.
Why pepper can help maintain a healthy heart? Because pepper causes us to sweat and the more we sweat the fluids in the body is reduced.

Anti-oxidants
Because of flavanoids and vitamins found in pepper so it is good for anti-oxidant, which means they work in the bloodstream to help the body fight anything that threatens the cells damage.
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